Gospel means “good news.” The Gospel is the great news that Jesus Christ was born of a virgin, lived a perfect life, died a substitutionary death, rose again on the third day, and ascended to heaven where He now reigns. He will come again, judging the quick and the dead, and reign forever among His people.
The Five Solas
Summing up the heart of Protestant beliefs….
1. Sola Gratia(Grace alone)
Salvation is the free gift from the Lord. It is something we cannot earn and that we do not deserve. Salvation is a gift given to us through God’s grace and doesn’t depend on our own merit.
Ephesians 2: 8-9, “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.” (KJV).
2. Sola Fide (Faith alone)
Through the atoning sacrifice of Christ, God imputes righteousness to the Elect. We are justified unto Him through faith alone. It is a legal declaration by God. Salvation is not based on our efforts or our works.
Galatians 2: 16, yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.
3. Solus Christus (Christ alone)
Christ is our Mediator before a Holy God. He is the only Mediator between God and man. Through His sacrifice on our behalf, our salvation is accomplished.
1 Timothy 2:5: “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;” (KJV)
4. Sola Scriptura (Scripture alone)
Scripture alone is the only inerrant and infallible source of divine revelation; it is the only way we can know the mind of Christ. For the Christian, Scripture is the only and final authority for all matters of faith and practice.
2 Timothy 3: 16-17, “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.” (KJV).
5. Soli Deo Gloria (To the glory of God alone)
Since the Lord alone accomplishes our salvation, it is of necessity to the glory of God alone.
Psalms 3: 8a, Salvation belongs to the LORD
The acronym TULIP is used to explain the five points of Calvinism. John Calvin did not develop this acronym; it was formed in the years following his death.
Romans 8: 29-30, For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.
T — Total Depravity.
Jeremiah 17: 9, The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? (KJV)
Romans 3: 10-12, As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (KJV)
U — Unconditional Election.
Ephesians 1: 4-6, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. (ESV)
Romans 9: 11, though they were not yet born and had done nothing either good or bad—in order that God’s purpose of election might continue, not because of works but because of him who calls— (ESV)
L — Limited Atonement.
John 6: 37-39, All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. (ESV)
I — Irresistible Grace.
John 6: 44, No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day. (ESV)
P — Perseverance of the Saints.
John 10: 27-29, My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. (ESV)
For further study
Ligonier (Before Sproul’s death, they were more sound than they are now. Some of their newer stuff isn’t recommended.)
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